Give Power to the Grid : Discover below - Be a Responsible Indian.
Relevant pointers on how common citizens can give power to the Grid.
Its's the responsiblity of every citizen to contribute their mite in ensuring "Power For All".
There exists multiple means to achieve this objective. Let's all contribute as fellow citizens, building/industry owners, power utilities etc.
Few ways to contribute are given below -
1) Net Metering via Rooftop Renewables
Net metering refers to a billing mechanism that credits solar energy system owners for any electricity they add to the Grid. If a residential customer owns a photovoltaic (PV) system on his/her rooftop, this may generate more electricity than required during daylight hours. A net metering agreement allows the owner of the PV system to sell excess solar power to a utility company or purchase deficit power from this company by using a smart meter in tracking the energy exchange. The latter occurs when solar energy generation is less than what the home requires in the early morning, late evening or during the night.
During afternoon hours of peak sunshine, excess energy is supplied back to the Grid. Customers are then credited or debited as per net meter readings over the designated period.
2) Energy-efficiency Measures
One unit saved at the consumption point is akin to 3 units saved in generation, considering power loss at different stages for various reasons, including theft. Individual homes can implement energy efficiency by switching to LEDs from other inefficient lighting systems. Significantly, by end-FY2016-17, India had saved 10 GW of power capacity in peak hours through energy efficiency. That’s a savings of ₹70,000 crore if 10 GW power were produced through a new thermal plant.1
These savings came through nationwide programmes, including individual and institutional. Residences can achieve their own savings via lower power wastage, energy-efficient measures, timely maintenance and modernisation of systems.
3) Utility-focused Systems
Automation of the electrical infrastructure and renewable energy forecasting with Smart Grids could help in better integration of power from various sources. India plans to integrate 175 GW of renewable energy in the power grid by 2022. Accordingly, 100 GW of solar energy and 60 GW of wind power will be part of the energy mix during this period. Consequently, excess power generated in individual homes can be assimilated in State grids.
4) Grid-connected Renewables
Also termed Grid-interactive Renewable Power, these are based on wind, solar, biomass and small hydro projects, mainly driven by private investments. Thanks to the favourable tariff policies of State Electricity Regulatory Commissions, most of India’s renewable power capacity addition occurs via this route. The country’s operational Grid-connected Renewable Energy capacity stood at more than 50 gigawatts (GW) on 31 December 2016. Wind energy pooling from turbines accounts for more than 50% of capacity, while solar comes second. Small hydro, bio-energy and waste-to-energy power account for small amounts of the power capacity.
5) Demand Response for Utilities via Virtual Power Plants
Through the VPP (Virtual Power Plant), many decentralised energy production or consumption units are aggregated with the help of advanced communication technology. In this, every asset – solar, wind, small hydro plants, biogas, etc. – can be navigated via a central control room. Through this, flexibility is integrated till the level of the required minimum power, which allows smaller resources to actively participate in the flexibility market. Flexibility boosts grid stability through proper energy production and consumption balancing, even with disparate prices. It also prevents peak power charges, generates additional income and promotes energy security.
Generally, a VPP is segmented as per technology into different segments: demand response, distributed generation and mixed asset. Analysts believe the demand-response segment will rule global markets. Demand response arises when consumers curb or shift power usage during peak hours at specific times reacting to changes in electricity pricing or due to incentive payments that encourage lower usage when wholesale prices are high. Therefore, the end-consumer’s participation is dependent upon tariff schemes, incentive pricing and greater awareness of the same, which motivates more discretion.
Based upon the above systems, individual consumers can contribute immensely in supplying power to the Grid and using energy responsibly.
1Energy efficiency 2.0, The Hindu Business Line, 11 April 2017
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